Drug Categories: Depressants and Hallucinogens

Welcome back! Over the course of the past few blog posts we've been talking about the different classes of drugs and what to expect if you, or someone you know, decides to use them for recreational purposes, rather than what they're intended for. Below, we talk about two different types, depressants and hallucinogens.

Types of Depressants | Drug Treatment in Charlotte NC

  •  Alprazolam (Xanax)
  •  Amobarbital
  •  Butalbital
  •  Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
  •  Clonazepam
  •  Codeine
  •  Diazepam (valium)
  •  Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol)
  •  Heroin
  •  Lorazepam
  •  Methadone
  • Midazolam
  •  Morphine
  •  Nitrazepam
  •  Oxycodone/ Oxycontin
  •  Pentobarbital
  •  Pethidine
  • Phenobarbital
  •  Secobarbital
  •  Talbutal
  •  Temazepam
  •  Thiamylal
  •  Thiopental

When depressants are used regularly a tolerance can build up causing the need for more drugs. Individuals can also develop a physical and psychological dependency.

Side Effects of Using Depressants

  • Addiction
  • Confusion
  • Depression
  • Difficulty or inability to urinate
  • Dilated pupils
  • Disorientation, lack of coordination
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Lowered blood pressure
  • Poor concentration
  • Slow brain function
  • Slowed pulse and breathing
  • Sluggishness
  • Slurred speech
  • Visual disturbances

According to drugfreeworld.com, "Higher doses can cause impairment of memory, judgment and coordination, irritability, paranoia, and suicidal thoughts. Some people experience the opposite of the intended effect, such as agitation or aggression."

The website also states that "Using sedatives (drugs used to calm or soothe) and tranquilizers with other substances, particularly alcohol, can slow breathing and the heart rate and even lead to death."

Hallucinogens |Drug Treatment in Charlotte NC

According to drugabuse.org, "Many hallucinogens have chemical structures similar to those of natural neurotransmitters (e.g., acetylcholine-, serotonin-, or catecholamine-like). While the exact mechanisms by which hallucinogens exert their effects remain unclear, research suggests that these drugs work, at least partially, by temporarily interfering with neurotransmitter action or by binding to their receptor sites."

Types of Hallucinogens

  • LSD
  • Peyote
  • Psilocybin
  • PCP

Side Effects

  • Anxiety, agitation, paranoia and feelings of panic
  • Blurred vision
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty concentrating, thinking or maintaining attention
  • Disorganized thoughts
  • Dizziness
  • Feelings of euphoria
  • Hallucinations and distorted perception, including visual, auditory, body, time and space
  • Increased body temperature and sweating, may alternate with chills and shivering
  • Increased breathing rate
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Irregular heartbeat, palpitations
  • Loss of coordination
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Numbness
  • Sense of relaxation and well-being

Using these types of drugs can only do harm to the body and mind. While short term effects of using these drugs are bad, long term effects of using them are significantly worse. It's important to refrain from using them at all.

Are you suffering from an addiction and aren’t sure where to turn next? Regardless of how bad your drug or alcohol use has become, drug treatment in Charlotte NC is always available. You’re not alone in this. Recovery is just a phone call or visit away. Contact Legacy Freedom to learn about drug rehab and our highly successful outpatient therapy. We are here to help you get back on track to a healthier, happier life.

For more information about the different drug categories and more, visit with other blogs in this series, below:

Drug Categories: An Introduction

Drug Categories: Narcotics

Drug Categories: Stimulants

Drug Categories: Depressants and Hallucinogens

Drug Categories: Anabolic Steroids

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