How Much and When You Drink May Be a Factor To A Fatty Liver | Alcohol & Drug Rehab Raleigh News
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, liver disease was the 12th leading cause of death in the United States in 2010. Liver disease accounted for roughly 34,000 deaths. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcohol abuse, more than half of these deaths were individuals who might have abused, or used alcohol excessively. If you are using alcohol excessively, please consider calling Legacy Freedom. We have an alcohol and drug rehab Raleigh facility that is ready to help you.
Alcohol is harmful for your liver. A study was published in the June 2004 issue of Alcohol abuse: Clinical and Experimental Research found that drinking patterns might also contribute to liver damage and the effect can vary from gender to gender.
Saverio Stranges was the first author of the study. He was a research instructor for the department of social and preventive medicine at the State University of New York at Buffalo. He said "Our findings suggest that not only the quantity of alcohol intake, but also the way in which alcohol is consumed can be an important and independent determinant of liver disease risk" and the findings also suggested that "the effects of drinking patterns on potential liver damage vary by gender: women show a greater susceptibility in general; while for men, the amount and frequency of drinking seem to be very important."
To determine if you have a liver injury, you can have your blood tested for concentrations of certain enzymes. These are GGT (gamma-glutamyltransferase), AST (aspartate amino-transferase), and ALT (alanine amino-transferase). Stranges said that "ALT, AST and GGT are the most widely used biochemical indicators of liver function," and that "these enzymes are not very specific, they are used routinely for assessing liver function in health screening, and in epidemiological research that focuses on the risk factors for liver disease, including alcohol consumption. Among them, GGT, despite its lack of specificity, seems to be the hepatic biomarker most strongly associated to alcohol intake. Other factors, such as obesity and body fat distribution, appear to be stronger determinants for aminotransferase levels, especially for ALT."
The study examined 1,575 females and 1,368 males from two New York counties. The participants were between the ages of 35 and 80, and were free from hepatic diseases. They had enrolled in a larger study that was conducted between September 1995 and May 2001.
Information about their alcohol intake, such as drinking frequency during the week, drinking with meals and snacks, drinking in the absence of food, and mixed were gathered for the study and then blood samples were measured for levels of GGT, AST, and ALT. This helped determine liver disease. Join us in part two of this series where we discuss the findings of this study and how the differences between men and women play a role.
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