The National Institute on Drug Abuse's latest data indicates "a connection between mood disorders like depression and substance abuse, with those diagnosed with a mood disorder being twice as likely to abuse substances as a person without a mood disorder." 7.9 million adults in the United States are known to have two mental health issues at the same time. This includes substance abuse and depression. For quality alcohol and drug rehabilitation in Columbus OH, call Legacy Freedom. Our outpatient treatment plans work for people who need help with substance abuse problems.
When people are suffering from a depressive disorder substance abuse is common. Alcohol is a depressant of the central nervous system so the use of it can trigger depression symptoms. This may include lethargy, hopelessness, and sadness. In this way addiction promotes depression.
The following are people who are most at risk for developing depression, which in turn makes them most susceptible to substance abuse.
- African Americans
- Middle-aged adults between the ages of 45 and 64
- Those who are unable to work
- Those who do not have health insurance
- Those who are chronically unemployed
Many of those suffering from depression are also fighting more than just an occasional sadness. The symptoms will often manifest both mentally and physically. The following are symptoms one may have:
- Suicidal thoughts or attempts
- Difficulty concentrating on a daily routine
- Aches and pains
- Appetite loss
- Weight loss
- Weight gain
- Feelings of hopelessness
- Sleeping too much
- Loss of energy
- Generalized irritability
- Feelings of worthlessness
- Loss of interest in hobbies or activities
- Loss of interest in socialization
One of the big questions is which comes first? The answer is that it varies from person to person. Some people will become depressed first and then turn to alcohol or drugs. Others will become addicted to alcohol or drugs and develop depression as a result. If you need help with addiction, call Legacy. We provide the best drug rehabilitation in Columbus OH.
In a study by the National Institute of Health it is noted that alcohol can induce depression. This is because levels of serotonin are altered. Humans that have an alcohol dependence problem are shown to have lower levels of serotonin and metabolites in their cerebrospinal fluid. This is known to contribute to the symptoms of depression.
Another side of this shows that people with depression may turn to substance abuse as a way of self-medicating. This is only a temporary solution to the problem and, more than likely, the depression will worsen over time. Substance abuse can increase the hardships throughout many areas of the person's life. This will also increase the depression.
Mental illness and drug or alcohol use have similar underlying causes. Genetics are known to have a role in both depression and substance abuse. Douglas F. Levison, MD and Walter E. Nichols, MD of Stanford School of Medicine, state there's a direct connection between depression and heredity. In fact, 40-50 percent of the cause of depression is linked to heredity. If a person has a parent or sibling that has or had depression they are 2 to 3 times more likely to develop depression themselves.
Mental illnesses and addiction stem from the brain. If a person is vulnerable to one type of brain disease this may very well make them vulnerable to other mental conditions. Mental health disorders and addiction both affect the same molecules, chemicals, and pathways in the brain. Mental Health Daily says "dopamine levels may be lower in individuals who have depression. Abusing certain substances alters the amount of dopamine in the brain as well." One good example of this is the use of cocaine. Cocaine stimulates an increase in dopamine activity.
Serotonin, a neurotransmitter, is commonly associated with depression and other mood disorders. This serotonin transporter looks to be different in persons who suffer form alcohol addiction. The dysfunctional pathway comes about in those who have certain mental health issues. Those who abuse cocaine also have this dysfunction.
Stresses and trauma in one's childhood can put them at more risk for developing substance abuse disorders as well as depression. The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation declares "A relationship between depression and childhood trauma exists; however, further research is needed to determine the reason why the vulnerability for depression occurs in these individuals." The following things can trigger this trauma and stress in childhood:
- Sexual, physical, or emotional abuse
- The death of a parent at a young age
- Domestic violence
No matter a person's age, stress is a huge risk factor for depression. Studies indicate that children who have undergone trauma, experience stress on a regular basis, or who have a form of post traumatic stress disorder are much more likely to abuse substances. Studies also indicate that 25-76 percent of people who have experienced childhood trauma began to abuse substances to try to cope with intense emotions. It is shown that those who have had these childhood stressors have trouble stopping the substance abuse because the negative thoughts come back. This makes for a vicious cycle.
Having both a substance abuse problem and depression is called a dual diagnosis. This is hard to treat because each disorder can intensify the symptoms of the other. An individual may believe that drinking enough alcohol will make their depression better. More than likely it will make the depression more serious. The two together will also make one less likely to have the mindset needed to overcome the addiction to alcohol.
There are integrated treatment plans that will help both of these diagnoses. A program that can include both the psychiatric problems and the drug or alcohol addiction will be needed. Detox, counseling. and a good recovery program will be needed to help individuals reach a goal for recovery. Seek out a qualified treatment program in your area.
Dependable Outpatient Drug Rehabilitation in Columbus OH
If you're worried that a loved one might be using drugs or drinking too much, call and ask about our treatment options for fall 2017. At Legacy Freedom, we offer a unique approach to recovery from addiction that's different from other rehab facilities. Our programs include alternative therapies that you just cannot find anywhere else. We assess your specific situation in order to come up with a plan that meets your needs on a personal level. We even have addiction treatment for teens. Call today to speak with an admissions counselor about how our outpatient alcohol and drug rehabilitation in Columbus OH can help you or your family.