One of the biggest findings in the World Drug Report 2015 was that drug abuse is a public health issue that isn’t getting any better. The so-called war on drugs may not be as effective in preventing worldwide drug abuse and illegal trafficking as previously thought because the numbers of cases of production, trafficking and drug use have not changed over the years.
The report is compiled by the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC). It provides statistics on the global illegal drug market, including production, trafficking and drug use and their health consequences. The drugs included in the study are opiates, cocaine, cannabis, amphetamines, and new psychoactive substances.
Let's take a closer look. Do you have a loved one that needs alcohol or drug rehab in Wilmington NC? If so, call Legacy today! We can help.
2015 World Drug Report
Drug Use Statistics
The study found that one out of every 20 people from 15-64 years of age used an illegal drug in 2013. That’s a total of 246 million people worldwide. The number technically increased by 3 million over the previous year, but when compared with the increase in population, statistically it neither decreased nor increased.
They also found that about 27 million people are problem drug users, which means they have a strong dependence on drugs. They are not just casual or recreational users. These numbers lead researchers to believe that access to treatment is a major issue that needs to be addressed in order for this problem to begin to see a breakthrough.
Half of those who are problem drug users inject drugs, which means their risk of HIV and AIDS is greater. About 1.65 million of the half who use drugs intravenously are already living with HIV.
A major concern for researchers is lack of access to substance abuse treatment. Out of every six problem drug users, only one has access to help. Unfortunately these means many people lose their lives because of drug overdoses or other drug-related deaths. In 2013, the number of deaths involving drugs was 187,100 and did not change.
The use of cannabis and illegally obtained opiates remained unchanged, while cocaine use declined in the U.S. and Europe. Regions of South East Asia have seen an increase in synthetic drugs such as methamphetamine. Over 144 tons were seized in 2011 and 2012, which is the highest level since the UNODC began keeping track of this type of drug. If you, or a loved one, are suffering from a substance abuse addiction, please call Legacy Freedom for affordable alcohol and drug rehab in Wilmington NC.
Drug Production and Supply
There have been few changes in where drugs are produced. Marijuana is grown in countries all over the world, while cannabis resin is confined to countries in North Africa, the Middle East and South-West Asia. There appears to be production of heroin in Afghanistan that is transported through Africa to European nations. West Africa has become a source for methamphetamine smuggled into East and South-East Asia. Trafficking routes are often hard to track because they are always changing. Drug trafficking has often been done through large organized criminal groups, but their findings show that the groups may be diversifying. Drug rings that may have focused on one drug may now smuggle several different types. The routes taken have also changed. Some that were known for one type of drug may be used to smuggle another type.
Production of opium has seen an increase even though the rates of use have remained unchanged. In 2014, they saw the highest levels of production in Afghanistan since the late 1930s. This increase in production has not been seen to affect the demand supply yet in most regions.
Cocaine production declined in 2013, reaching levels not seen since the mid-1980s. Use of the drug also declined. The largest cocaine markets, such as South America, saw a decline in coca bush cultivation, which may have caused the cocaine market to shrink.
Conclusions on Prevention and Treatment
Researchers believe there is no single cause of addiction. It should be seen as an unhealthy behavior linked to development, especially when it begins in adolescence. There are many other factors that can lead someone to use and become addicted to drugs, starting with lack of proper education at home and at school to a genetic predisposition to peer pressure. It is generally a combination of many factors.
The report suggests that education start at home with parents, but often parents don’t have the tools to educate their children. Having programs available for them can be the start of a lifetime of prevention education for a child because it should also be taught at school. It also mentions that even as adults we should receive prevention education in the workplace. Some companies do offer such counseling and referrals to treatment, but it is generally after the problem has developed.
Researchers who contributed to the World Drug Report hope the data will help public perception about drug use prevention and treatment. They say that the problem does not have a quick remedy. Addiction should be seen as a chronic health condition that requires long-term, on-going treatment.
With only one in six people seeking treatment for drug abuse, the statistics show that there is work to be done in getting people the help they need. The statistics vary among countries. In Africa, for instance, only one in 18 people get treatment for a drug problem. In Western and Central Europe, it is one in 5. And these figures don’t include people who may have an addiction problem but may not recognize it.
They note that there are social barriers to getting treatment, especially for women. One out of three drug users is a woman, but one out of five drug users in treatment is a woman. They cite that family obligations may be a reason they seek treatment less than men, and suggest that some treatment programs do not address those issues.
Read on to learn more about the treatment options available to you through Legacy Freedom of Wilmington. We do not have one plan for everyone because everyone’s needs are different.
Drug Rehab in Wilmington NC for Teenagers | Legacy Freedom
If you suspect that a loved one is using drugs, call us today to talk to an admissions counselor about our treatment options. We are here to give you the support you need to get them help. Our personalized treatment plans mean that we will be able to find a solution that works for them. Because we offer outpatient alcohol and drug rehab in Wilmington NC, he or she can continue to go to school or work while getting help. Call us today to speak with an admissions counselor.